Project Brief

Project Brief

Government of Odisha launched a "Special programme for promotion of integrated farming (SPPIF) in tribal areas" in 40 GPs in 2016 with focus on rainfed production systems targeting Agriculture, Horticulture, Livestock, and Fisheries in an area-based approach in Malkangiri District. ATMA is the district level nodal agency for SPPIF. Directorate of Agriculture & Food Production (DA&FP) is the state level nodal agency. Project is implemented by FPOs with support of NGOs at cluster level (10 GPs), State Secretariat (NCDS & WASSAN), ATMA and Directorate of Agriculture & Food Production, Odisha as per the guidelines of SPPIF.

salient features

Technical Approach

The overall technical approach of the project comprises of the following salient features:

Agriculture & Horticulture

  1. Protective Irrigation Plans will be prepared for managing rain, surface and groundwater for the security of humans, agriculture and livestock. This involves engagement of the community in understanding local water budgets, training on water governance and management, and sustainable utilisation of local water resources.
  2. Landscape based Argo--ecological Interventions:
Sl.No. Intervention Up Land Medium land Low land
1 Land treatment Moisture conservation & Land treatment Land treatment where required Safe discharge
2 Soil Productivity improvement Compost & biomass enhancement Biomass, green leaf manure & compost Green manure, green leaf manure and Compost
3 Crop Diversification Yes Yes Yes
4 Farm ponds and protective irrigation No for farm ponds. Yes for Protective irrigation Yes Yes, for Farm Ponds
5 Draft power implements Yes Yes Yes
6 Improved PoP Intercropping SRI, LT & Intercropping SRI/LT
7 Liquid manures and bio-pesticides Yes Yes Yes
  1. Identification of the landscape wise seed and contingency seed requirements.
  2. Need for diversification of crop systems- particularly in restoring the practices of inter-cultivation. Encourage inter/mixed ease out lost during to crops failure and enrich manure to the soil.
  3. Screening of local varieties, Seed Mapping, Seed exchange for different crops.
  4. Selection of seed for multiplication & commercialization of indigenous varieties through community managed seed systems.
  5. Reducing area under paddy and expanding critical irrigation.
  6. Pest and disease management system for key commercial and cereal crops
  7. Encourage organic Vegetable cultivation and aggregation and market linkages.
  8. Revival of tank irrigation and systems and Renovation of old water bodies
  9. Experimenting and evolving appropriate remunerative crop systems under bore well irrigation/Community lift irrigation/Others in collaboration with the Line Department


  1. Livestock health care services cadres shall be identified and trained to provide vaccination and health care services at community level to reduce mortality. This will be based on the Pashu-Sakhi model
  2. Rearer field schools shall also be promoted to build capacities of the community on healthcare and improve disease reporting systems.
  3. In order to realise the potential of desi poultry, desi breed farms shall be developed. Low cost night shelters shall be taken up in cluster mode to reduce mortality through predation. Vaccination services shall also be streamlined for addressing the mortality due to rani khet and fowl pox.
  4. Goatery shall be promoted through construction of elevated sheds,promotion of biomass through convergence, streamlining vaccination service,selective breeding and promotion of collective marketing


  1. Farmers will be trained on the scientific package of practices for effective promotion of fishery in seasonal and perennial water bodies
  2. Nursery networks shall be established for the cultivation of fingerlings and yearlings on the cluster basis
  3. Fingerling and yearling promotion shall be carried out in the fish ponds through entrepreneurship model. New ponds shall be created through convergence and old ponds shall be repaired to meet the needs
  4. Promotion of small indigenous fresh water fish species shall also be taken up
Sl.No. Stakeholder Level Responsibilities
1 Farmers' Groups &Farmers' Producers Organisations (FPOs) Village &GP Cluster Responsible for implementation of the program with support from the network partner organization. FPOs will be formalized at the Cluster of GPs (with the local shandy/ market as an operational unit). These will work with trained Community Resource Persons
2 Facilitating Agencies District Level Supports formation and strengthening the Farmers' Groups /CRCs/ FPOs in planning and implementation of the programs
3 Program Secretariat(WASSAN) /Farmers Resource Center District Level Works with NGO Partners responsible for interfacing with the Departments, compilation of reports, M&E, Documentation and external interfacing.
4 District RRA Committee District Level Facilitates convergence, disbursement of program funds and facilitation funds by line departments to Community organizations and Facilitating agencies respectively. Regularly monitors the program on a monthly basis.
5 Program Secretariat (WASSAN) & Research Secretariat (NCDS) State Level Program Management, M & E through web based advisory, Coordination with State Department, Capacity Building, Convergence and Research.
6 Directorate of Agriculture and Food Production State Level Nodal Agency for the program. Appoints a Nodal person to work with Program Secretariat. Periodically monitors the program.
7 State Level RRA Committee State Level A State level committee to policy aspects such as scaling up, reconfiguring public investments.